Gate.io Blog:Behind the Scene：SEC vs. Ripple Lawsuit
With the evolution of cryptocurrencies, classifying digital assets as currency or securities has been the crux of the SEC's issue. Chief of which is the SEC vs. Ripple lawsuit filed in 2020 by the Securities and Exchange Commission against Ripples Lab Inc.
In 2015, the Justice Department had ruled the XRP as a cryptocurrency just like Bitcoin and Ethereum; however, on the 22nd of December in 2020, the SEC announced in a press release that they were suing Ripples Labs for raising about $1.3 billion through unregistered securities known as XRP. According to the SEC, the CEOs of Ripples Lab used returns from XRP sales to finance their business. The failure to register the security led to a lack of information on the path of retail investors.
Experts point to a probable cause behind the lawsuit being the system of mining XRP. Unlike Bitcoin or Ethereum that utilized Proof-of-Work mining, XRP was not mined; 100 billion XRP were released into circulation, with Ripples holding 48 billion of it. The aftermath of the XRP vs. SEC lawsuit was XRP's value plunging by more than 75% and many cryptocurrency exchanges delisting XRP from their platforms.
Does the SEC have a Case Against Ripple?
In January 2018, XRP hit an all-time high of $3.29, it went through a few ups and downs, and by December 2020, it was trading at $0.6. However, after the XRP lawsuit hit, XRP plunged by more than 75%, and experts made predictions that XRP would become worthless. At the time of writing this article, XRP was trading over $0.70.
The plunge in XRP prices was reactionary due to the lawsuit and damning accusations. However, since filing the lawsuit, whether the SEC has a strong case against Ripple Labs remains unknown. There has been a lot of debate around the topic, mainly because most of SEC's arguments have been ambiguous. The SEC's defense has revolved around minting XRP, which according to the SEC, makes the coin security rather than a currency. Their argument closes because, unlike Ethereum and Bitcoin, which utilize a blockchain for minting, XRP was published with Ripples Lab owning 6.4 billion of it.
For more information on the specific analysis process, please read this blog:Behind the Scene：SEC vs. Ripple Lawsuit
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