All You Need to Know about DePIN Projects - The Future of Decentralized Physical Infrastructure Networks

BeginnerJan 15, 2024
This article introduces DePIN, including its types, working principles, advantages, typical projects, relative investment risks and development prospects.
All You Need to Know about DePIN Projects - The Future of Decentralized Physical Infrastructure Networks

1. About DePIN and its Types

DePIN (Decentralized Physical Infrastructure Networks), as a decentralized physical infrastructure network, is an emerging track that aims to build a decentralized physical world infrastructure platform by using blockchain technology and token rewards, allowing anyone to construct and use the network, enjoy goods and services in the physical world, or provide digital resources. The concept of DePIN was first proposed by Messari, who considers it to be one of the most key areas of crypto investment in the next decade.

According to Messari’s definition, DePIN is mainly divided into two major parts: physical resource network (PRN) and digital resource network (DRN).

Physical Resource Network (PRN) encourages participants to use location-based hardware to provide unique goods and services in the real world, such as WIFI, 5G, VPN, energy information sharing, geospatial data, etc. Helium is a typical project of this kind.

Digital Resource Network (DRN) encourages participants to use hardware to provide real-world physical infrastructure networks for digital resources, such as broadband networks, storage networks, and computing power networks. Meson, Render Network, and Livepeer are all projects of this kind.

According to the latest data from DePIN Scan, as of December 25, the total market value of the DePIN track has surpassed US$5.5 billion.

2. How DePIN works

DePIN is working based on the token economics model, connecting the supply side and the demand side to form a self-driven positive cycle. Tokens are used to encourage users to deploy hardware equipment, provide real-world goods and services, and combine off-chain data and on-chain data.

The supplier provides resources for the network by deploying and operating hardware equipment, thereby obtaining token rewards. The demander pays tokens to use the services provided by the network, thereby increasing the circulation and value of the tokens. As the scale of the network expands, more supply-side and demand-side parties join in, forming a healthy ecosystem.

For participants, the value of DePIN is reflected in the following aspects:

Web Creator: Reduce startup costs and capital expenditures for start-ups.

Network Builders: Have direct ownership and control, and enjoy token incentives.

Internet users: Get a service experience in the spirit of Web3, such as rights verification and data markets.

3. Advantages of DePIN

DePIN mainly has advantages in rights verification and scale effect. Besides, by virtue of globally distributed digital resources, it provides products and services to demand parties in other fields in a rapid way.

  1. Reduce costs and thresholds: DePIN allows anyone to become a builder and user of the network through token incentives. It doesn’t have expensive hardware or professional technology, reducing the costs and thresholds of physical infrastructure.

  2. Improve efficiency and quality: DePIN makes network resources and services more dispersed and diversified through decentralization, thereby improving network efficiency and quality and removing centralized bottlenecks and failures.

  3. Enhance security and privacy: DePIN uses blockchain technology to make network data and transactions more transparent and verifiable, thereby enhancing network security and privacy and preventing data from being tampered and leaked.

  4. Create value and income: DePIN allows network participants to obtain value and income from the growth of the network through token economics, thereby creating a new value network and income stream.

4. Top 10 Typical DePIN Projects

5. Investment Risk Analysis in DePIN Track

When considering investing in the DePIN (Decentralized Physical Infrastructure Networks) track, investors need to be fully aware of the potential risk factors. In the early days of the DePIN project, native tokens often had no real value, similar to venture capital. Factors affecting profitability include hardware costs, network usage, market adoption rate, etc. The success of the project is closely related to the implementation of the business model. It is necessary to consider the market conditions of hardware sales support, and whether the token incentive model will form a flywheel effect.

  1. Technical risk: The DePIN project relies on advanced technology to realize a decentralized physical infrastructure network. Technical vulnerabilities, network attacks or hardware failures may pose a threat to its stability and reliability.

  2. Usage Risks of the Network: If the DePIN project cannot attract enough users or partners to use the network services it provides, the economic model of the project may face difficulties. Low network usage may cause the value of tokens to decline, affecting investor returns.

  3. Risks of the token incentive model: Some DePIN projects rely on the token incentive model to attract users and builders to participate in the network. If token incentives fail to form a positive flywheel effect, it may harm the sustainability and reduce the attractiveness of the project.

  4. Market liquidity risk: If the liquidity of DePIN tokens in the market is insufficient, it may make it difficult for investors to sell tokens smoothly when they need to exit their positions. This may trigger price fluctuations and affect investors’ financial security.

  5. Unproven business model: The business model of the DePIN project needs to be verified in the actual market. If the project fails to implement the business model effectively, investors may face investment failure risks.

  6. Industry regulatory risks: Since DePIN involves physical infrastructure, it may be affected by international and domestic regulations. Uncertainty about regulations may cause significant disruption to project operations and development.

6. Development prospects of DePIN track

As an innovative and forward-looking track, DePIN has broad growth space and opportunities, showing impressive future potential.

  1. Exploration of new business models: The evolution of the DePIN track will promote the exploration of new business models and scenarios. Projects can combine Web2 and Web3 to bring together different services, manufacturers and device ecosystems on a “neutral” platform, providing new options for cross-industry and market integration. This promises to usher in more innovative and sustainable business models.

  2. Mass adoption oriented: DePIN has the potential to introduce decentralized physical infrastructure networks to the public. In the future, DePIN is expected to become a consumer-oriented application layer and promote blockchain technology towards mass adoption. This will provide ordinary users with a more decentralized and efficient service experience.

  3. Integration of IoT needs: The success of the DePIN track will partly depend on accurate insights into IoT needs. In the future, with the continuous progress of the Internet of Things, the DePIN project is expected to better meet the global demand for IoT services such as location data and sensor networks, and inject new impetus into the advancement of the entire industry.

  4. Cooperation on a global scale: In order to create a global decentralized network, the DePIN project may strengthen international cooperation and establish a global network ecosystem. This will help the project better respond to global challenges, promote the sharing of technology and experience, and facilitate the growth of the DePIN track in a more open and collaborative direction.

  5. Clearer industry regulations: With the evolution of the DePIN project, the need for industry regulations will gradually become more prominent. In the future, governments and regulatory agencies may focus more on the compliance of the DePIN project and develop a clearer regulatory framework for this field. This will contribute to the long-term advancement of the project and the steady growth of the industry.

  6. Constant optimization of the token incentive model: The token incentive model is one of the core mechanisms of the DePIN project. In the future, the project may continue to optimize this model to better attract users and builders to participate in it and form a positive cycle. The excellent token incentive model is expected to provide a solid foundation for the sustainable development of the DePIN project.

Conclusion

DePIN is the bridge between the blockchain and the physical world and is one of the most crucial areas of crypto investment in the next decade. With blockchain technology and token rewards, DePIN builds a decentralized infrastructure platform for the physical world, allowing anyone to construct and use the network, enjoy goods and services in the physical world, or provide Digital resources. While demonstrating huge potential and opportunities, DePIN also faces challenges and risks. It is necessary for investors to closely watch the latest developments in the DePIN project, seize opportunities, and carefully assess potential risks.

Disclaimer:

  1. This article is reprinted from [aicoin]. All copyrights belong to the original author [aicoin]. If there are objections to this reprint, please contact the Gate Learn team, and they will handle it promptly.
  2. Liability Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not constitute any investment advice.
  3. Translations of the article into other languages are done by the Gate Learn team. Unless mentioned, copying, distributing, or plagiarizing the translated articles is prohibited.
    prohibited.

All You Need to Know about DePIN Projects - The Future of Decentralized Physical Infrastructure Networks

BeginnerJan 15, 2024
This article introduces DePIN, including its types, working principles, advantages, typical projects, relative investment risks and development prospects.
All You Need to Know about DePIN Projects - The Future of Decentralized Physical Infrastructure Networks

1. About DePIN and its Types

DePIN (Decentralized Physical Infrastructure Networks), as a decentralized physical infrastructure network, is an emerging track that aims to build a decentralized physical world infrastructure platform by using blockchain technology and token rewards, allowing anyone to construct and use the network, enjoy goods and services in the physical world, or provide digital resources. The concept of DePIN was first proposed by Messari, who considers it to be one of the most key areas of crypto investment in the next decade.

According to Messari’s definition, DePIN is mainly divided into two major parts: physical resource network (PRN) and digital resource network (DRN).

Physical Resource Network (PRN) encourages participants to use location-based hardware to provide unique goods and services in the real world, such as WIFI, 5G, VPN, energy information sharing, geospatial data, etc. Helium is a typical project of this kind.

Digital Resource Network (DRN) encourages participants to use hardware to provide real-world physical infrastructure networks for digital resources, such as broadband networks, storage networks, and computing power networks. Meson, Render Network, and Livepeer are all projects of this kind.

According to the latest data from DePIN Scan, as of December 25, the total market value of the DePIN track has surpassed US$5.5 billion.

2. How DePIN works

DePIN is working based on the token economics model, connecting the supply side and the demand side to form a self-driven positive cycle. Tokens are used to encourage users to deploy hardware equipment, provide real-world goods and services, and combine off-chain data and on-chain data.

The supplier provides resources for the network by deploying and operating hardware equipment, thereby obtaining token rewards. The demander pays tokens to use the services provided by the network, thereby increasing the circulation and value of the tokens. As the scale of the network expands, more supply-side and demand-side parties join in, forming a healthy ecosystem.

For participants, the value of DePIN is reflected in the following aspects:

Web Creator: Reduce startup costs and capital expenditures for start-ups.

Network Builders: Have direct ownership and control, and enjoy token incentives.

Internet users: Get a service experience in the spirit of Web3, such as rights verification and data markets.

3. Advantages of DePIN

DePIN mainly has advantages in rights verification and scale effect. Besides, by virtue of globally distributed digital resources, it provides products and services to demand parties in other fields in a rapid way.

  1. Reduce costs and thresholds: DePIN allows anyone to become a builder and user of the network through token incentives. It doesn’t have expensive hardware or professional technology, reducing the costs and thresholds of physical infrastructure.

  2. Improve efficiency and quality: DePIN makes network resources and services more dispersed and diversified through decentralization, thereby improving network efficiency and quality and removing centralized bottlenecks and failures.

  3. Enhance security and privacy: DePIN uses blockchain technology to make network data and transactions more transparent and verifiable, thereby enhancing network security and privacy and preventing data from being tampered and leaked.

  4. Create value and income: DePIN allows network participants to obtain value and income from the growth of the network through token economics, thereby creating a new value network and income stream.

4. Top 10 Typical DePIN Projects

5. Investment Risk Analysis in DePIN Track

When considering investing in the DePIN (Decentralized Physical Infrastructure Networks) track, investors need to be fully aware of the potential risk factors. In the early days of the DePIN project, native tokens often had no real value, similar to venture capital. Factors affecting profitability include hardware costs, network usage, market adoption rate, etc. The success of the project is closely related to the implementation of the business model. It is necessary to consider the market conditions of hardware sales support, and whether the token incentive model will form a flywheel effect.

  1. Technical risk: The DePIN project relies on advanced technology to realize a decentralized physical infrastructure network. Technical vulnerabilities, network attacks or hardware failures may pose a threat to its stability and reliability.

  2. Usage Risks of the Network: If the DePIN project cannot attract enough users or partners to use the network services it provides, the economic model of the project may face difficulties. Low network usage may cause the value of tokens to decline, affecting investor returns.

  3. Risks of the token incentive model: Some DePIN projects rely on the token incentive model to attract users and builders to participate in the network. If token incentives fail to form a positive flywheel effect, it may harm the sustainability and reduce the attractiveness of the project.

  4. Market liquidity risk: If the liquidity of DePIN tokens in the market is insufficient, it may make it difficult for investors to sell tokens smoothly when they need to exit their positions. This may trigger price fluctuations and affect investors’ financial security.

  5. Unproven business model: The business model of the DePIN project needs to be verified in the actual market. If the project fails to implement the business model effectively, investors may face investment failure risks.

  6. Industry regulatory risks: Since DePIN involves physical infrastructure, it may be affected by international and domestic regulations. Uncertainty about regulations may cause significant disruption to project operations and development.

6. Development prospects of DePIN track

As an innovative and forward-looking track, DePIN has broad growth space and opportunities, showing impressive future potential.

  1. Exploration of new business models: The evolution of the DePIN track will promote the exploration of new business models and scenarios. Projects can combine Web2 and Web3 to bring together different services, manufacturers and device ecosystems on a “neutral” platform, providing new options for cross-industry and market integration. This promises to usher in more innovative and sustainable business models.

  2. Mass adoption oriented: DePIN has the potential to introduce decentralized physical infrastructure networks to the public. In the future, DePIN is expected to become a consumer-oriented application layer and promote blockchain technology towards mass adoption. This will provide ordinary users with a more decentralized and efficient service experience.

  3. Integration of IoT needs: The success of the DePIN track will partly depend on accurate insights into IoT needs. In the future, with the continuous progress of the Internet of Things, the DePIN project is expected to better meet the global demand for IoT services such as location data and sensor networks, and inject new impetus into the advancement of the entire industry.

  4. Cooperation on a global scale: In order to create a global decentralized network, the DePIN project may strengthen international cooperation and establish a global network ecosystem. This will help the project better respond to global challenges, promote the sharing of technology and experience, and facilitate the growth of the DePIN track in a more open and collaborative direction.

  5. Clearer industry regulations: With the evolution of the DePIN project, the need for industry regulations will gradually become more prominent. In the future, governments and regulatory agencies may focus more on the compliance of the DePIN project and develop a clearer regulatory framework for this field. This will contribute to the long-term advancement of the project and the steady growth of the industry.

  6. Constant optimization of the token incentive model: The token incentive model is one of the core mechanisms of the DePIN project. In the future, the project may continue to optimize this model to better attract users and builders to participate in it and form a positive cycle. The excellent token incentive model is expected to provide a solid foundation for the sustainable development of the DePIN project.

Conclusion

DePIN is the bridge between the blockchain and the physical world and is one of the most crucial areas of crypto investment in the next decade. With blockchain technology and token rewards, DePIN builds a decentralized infrastructure platform for the physical world, allowing anyone to construct and use the network, enjoy goods and services in the physical world, or provide Digital resources. While demonstrating huge potential and opportunities, DePIN also faces challenges and risks. It is necessary for investors to closely watch the latest developments in the DePIN project, seize opportunities, and carefully assess potential risks.

Disclaimer:

  1. This article is reprinted from [aicoin]. All copyrights belong to the original author [aicoin]. If there are objections to this reprint, please contact the Gate Learn team, and they will handle it promptly.
  2. Liability Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not constitute any investment advice.
  3. Translations of the article into other languages are done by the Gate Learn team. Unless mentioned, copying, distributing, or plagiarizing the translated articles is prohibited.
    prohibited.
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