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    Instructions of PNL & ROE Calculation
    Gate.io
    Atualizado às: 13 days 20 hours ago

    The perpetual contract provided by Gate.io is a kind of financial derivative suitable for cryptocurrency, which can be operated to go long/short to monetize according to the movement of the market. You can go long (buy-in) if the market price rises as predicted. If the price does rise, it will make a profit, otherwise, it will lose money; and vice versa.

    The PNL calculation of Gate.io varies according to contract types. There are three types of contracts on Gate.io now:USDT Contract, Quanto Contract and Inverse Contract. Inverse Contract refers specifically to the BTC/USD contract in the BTC-M perpetual.

    1. The calculation of USDT Contract and Quanto Contract:

    PNL =Size * Contract Multiplier* (Exit Price - Entry Price)

    ROE =Unrealized PNL / Position Margin = [ Size*Contract Multiplier*(Mark Price - Entry Price)] / (Initial Margin + Fee to Close)

    Take ETH_USDT as an example: If you go long 10 ETH_USDT contracts with 100X leverage, and the entry price is 1220.85 USDT, and the mark price is 1221.89 USDT.

    Unrealized PNL =10*0.01*(1221.89-1220.85)=0.104USDT≈0.10USDT

    ROE =[10*0.01*(1221.89-1220.85)]/(122.19/100+122.19*0.075%)=0.079175≈7.92%

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    * Size: If positive, it is a long position; negative, short. You can switch the contract unit to Coin or Contracts in the Setup.

    *Contract Multiplier: It represents the size of each contract, you can viewContract Details to check the contract multiplier of the current market.

    2. The calculation of Inverse Contract:

    PNL =Size* ( 1 / Entry Price - 1 / Exit Price)

    ROE =Unrealized PNL / Position Margin = [ Size*Contract Multiplier*(Mark Price - Entry Price)] / (Initial Margin + Fee to Close)

    Take BTC_USD as an example: If you go long 3000 BTC_USD contracts with 10X leverage, and the entry price is 19869.68 USD, and the mark price is 19807.30 USD.

    Unrealized PNL =3000*(1/19869.68-1/19807.3) = -0.0004755BTC ≈ -0.000476 BTC

    ROE =[3000*(1/19869.68-1/19807.3)]/0.015222 = 0.031237 ≈ 3.12%

    img

    Note:

    1. The current mark price is used as the exit price in the calculation of unrealized PNL, the actual PNL after closing the position is calculated by the actual exit price, and you can check the average fill price in "Position" > "Order History".
    2. The PNL calculation doesn't include Trading Fee,Funding Fee, you can check the PNL of position reduction, trading fee and funding fee in "Position" > "Transactions", and the data of the three is calculated independently.
    3. Realized PNL includes trading fee, funding fee and the PNL of position reduction (the PNL of position reduction is calculated by the above formula).


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