Can Oasys Turn 40 Years of Japanese Game Culture into a Blockchain Oasis?

BeginnerMay 31, 2024
As the adoption of Oasys continues to expand, OAS may become the payment method of choice for well-known Web2 gaming brands in Web3, bringing wider recognition and integration to the crypto economy.
Can Oasys Turn 40 Years of Japanese Game Culture into a Blockchain Oasis?

In the early Heisei era, Japan’s game and animation industry entered its peak era of conquering the world, from Mario, Pokemon, King of Fighters, Metal Slug, to later The Legend of Zelda, Resident Evil, etc., in terms of character creation, narrative methods, and aesthetic standards. These aspects have left a deep imprint on the multi-national game industry. After the turn of the millennium, PC and mobile games have become a popular trend, and countries and regions such as Europe, the United States, China and South Korea have emerged one after another. The competitiveness of Japanese manufacturers that insist on focusing on game consoles in the global game industry has begun to decline.

After missing out on the last paradigm shift in gaming, Japan is now actively embracing Web3 to develop emerging fields such as NFT and the Metaverse. In 2022, Japan also established the web3 project team of the Digital Society Promotion Headquarters of the Liberal Democratic Party, placing the blockchain industry with Web3 as the core at the forefront of the national development strategy. Based on Japan’s rich accumulation of more than 40 years in the game industry and its two-dimensional culture of “world domination”, the country’s sudden rise in the field of Web3 games is undoubtedly an important force that cannot be ignored.

Among the Web3 layouts of many traditional game manufacturers in Japan, the game public chain will enter the public eye in early 2022.OasysThe performance is getting better and better. Its founding members include Hajime Nakatani, president and CEO of Bandai Namco Research Institute, Hironobu Ueno, CEO of chain game company double jump.tokyo, Shuji Utsumi, co-chief operating officer of Sega and founding member of PlayStation, all from traditional game giants or well-known Chain travel project. As Oasys continues to expand, it has attracted industry giants such as Wemade, Square Enix, Netmarble, SoftBank, KDDI, Nexon, and MIXI to join its network as validators, as well as Ubisoft, Com2uS, etc. to enter the ecosystem.

Designed specifically for blockchain games: bringing traditional games into the blockchain world

OasysIt is a multi-layer EVM-compatible PoS public blockchain, and the main development team behind it comes from double jump.tokyo, a Japanese chain game development company. As a bridge between traditional Web2 and Web3 games, Oasys provides developers entering the Web3 game field with a comprehensive set of tools and services to help create and deploy games. Its architectural design adopts a highly scalable combination of Layer 1 (called Hub-Layer) and Layer 2 (called Verse-Layer), with high network stability, high scalability, and high data availability.

The first Hub-Layer is the hub layer of Oasys, which aims to provide game developers with all the tools, SDKs, digital assets, interoperability and ecological environment needed to make outstanding Web3 games. It allows game developers to carry out independent development of 2-layer games, entrust staking of core token OAS holders, verifier management nodes, etc. Hub-Layer is resilient enough to run with thousands of connected Verse-Layer without the risk of network failure due to node failure.

The second layer Verse-Layer is taken from the word Metaverse, which means that each second-layer network is an independent small universe, which meets the needs of traditional game companies and IP holders to protect IP in their own ecosystems. The ecosystem allows for personalization. In each Verse layer and game or dApp, the development team can introduce separate tokens to implement specific functions, creating a more flexible and scalable gaming environment. By using rollups, all data in the second layer will be reflected to the first layer, ensuring high data availability. In addition, thanks to the transaction speed of Layer 2, users can experience the same seamless experience as traditional online games on Web2.

Based on the advantages of Hub-Layer’s high stability, the proprietary Verse can ensure security, scalability and flexibility. For the development team, they can provide players with better game products and value on this basis, and the number of users will continue to grow as the game quality and player experience improve. Active players use OAS tokens to complete transactions, which on the one hand contributes revenue and daily activity data to the game. On the other hand, it also provides income and liquidity to the first layer, thus continuously injecting vitality into the entire Oasys ecosystem. The scale of players can further promote the optimization and upgrading of the first layer, provide better infrastructure support for the game, and enable users in the ecosystem to enjoy lower costs and a better interactive experience. This player experience-based design and sustainable model will become an important driver of the growth flywheel as a positive feedback loop takes shape.

In terms of financing, in July 2022, Oasys completed a US$20 million private equity financing led by Republic Capital, with participation from Jump Crypto, Crypto.com, Huobi, Kucoin, Bitbank and Mirana Ventures; at the end of the same year, Oasys completed a new A round of strategic financing, with participating investors including Galaxy Interactive, Korean gaming giant Nexon, Jets Capital, ChainGuardians, etc. In addition, Oasys also allocated a US$1 million quota to the Republic platform for public fundraising, which was completed within 12 hours.

Many Web2 game giants have settled in: jointly building an oasis of multiverse prosperity

As the basic layer of blockchain games,OasysIt aims to provide the necessary resources, scalability and tools to make the creation of Web3 games easier, more efficient and more secure to help traditional game companies enter emerging fields and better serve the market and drive mass adoption. Oasys actively cooperates with game industry veterans from Ubisoft, Sega, and Bandai Namco. Currently, there are nearly 60 games in 10 universe ecosystems. Three representative games will be introduced below.

Champions Tactics: Grimoria Chronicles

In the middle of last year, French gaming giant Ubisoft announced that it would launch the first blockchain-based Champions Tactics: Grimoria Chronicles (hereinafter referred to as “Champions Tactics”). Since its establishment in 1986, Ubisoft has launched many popular AAA masterpieces, including the “Assassin’s Creed” series, “Far Cry” series, “Rayman”, etc. The upcoming Champions Tactics is designed as a tactical RPG game only for PC gamers.

Based on the trust in Ubisoft’s products and the industry’s expectation that Web3 games will achieve large-scale adoption, before Champions Tactics has revealed too many game details, its NFT series The Warlords of Champions Tactics immediately became popular after it was launched at the end of last year. Sell. The series was fully minted upon release, with sales exceeding $2 million within a few hours. According to existing information, in Champions Tactics, players can form a team of legendary champions, integrating elements such as champion abilities, terrain maps, and tactical strategies to compete with other players. Ubisoft has hinted that it will integrate NFTs into gameplay, but details are still being kept under wraps.

Ubisoft has always been an expert at creating immersive narratives in games. Champions Tactics not only allows players to participate in strategic battles, but also provides a rich narrative experience. By exploring the mystery and darkness of the world of Grimoria and discovering legends and mysteries, players are constantly strengthened during their adventures and gain an advantage in battle. The word “Chronicles” in the game’s name also indicates that it allows players to shape the storyline and even influence the history and legends of the game world.

Battle of Three Kingdoms: The Battle of the Three Kingdoms

The “Three Kingdoms” series developed by Japanese gaming giant Sega is a trading card game set in the Three Kingdoms period of China. The first version was launched in 2005 and is a classic under Sega. In September 2022, double Jump.tokyo obtained the authorization for the IP, and the two parties began to jointly develop its chain game version: “Battle of Three Kingdoms: B3K” (officially referred to as “Three Kingdoms: B3K”).

As a trading card game, the NFT cards in this game are naturally one of its highlights. They not only cover the generals, strategists and other characters in the arcade version of “Three Kingdoms”, but also new cards specially created for this game. According to the developer, the entry threshold for “Three Kingdoms: B3K” will be very low. In the game, players can build their own decks and participate in battles, and each game only takes 3 minutes. Different cards will have different levels, combat power, attributes and other ability values, which will test players’ understanding and strategic configuration of different generals.

In the context of hundreds of competing Web3 games, most developers have begun to pay more attention to game quality and delay the official release date. B3K is no exception. It was originally planned to be launched at the end of 2023, but the team believed that the quality of the game needed to be further improved, so the launch was postponed to 2024. The initial launch of the game will be mainly for PC players, and Japanese and English versions will be launched. Chinese and Korean versions are expected to be launched later, the specific date is to be determined.

Chain Colosseum Phoenix

Chain Colosseum Phoenix is a Japanese blockchain game based on MCHVerse, with the feature of “play and earn”. The game uses an “anti-trader barrier” (AT-field) to combat market manipulation, preventing traders and bots from selling tokens not earned in the game, ensuring that rewards only go to real players. In addition, the game integrates with external ecosystems for sustainability, using a buy-in mechanism to buy back from Gas and DeFi revenue. A unique feature of the game is the liquidity pool, which is crucial in rewarding players. Unlike many projects, Chain Colosseum Phoenix invests all NFT sales proceeds into an initial liquidity pool, aiming to create Game-Fi’s largest liquidity pool to date, expected to reach $4.8 million.

Recently, Chain Colosseum Phoenix successfully sold all 10,000 NFTs, achieved $2.4 million in sales, and announced cooperation with large gaming projects and communities. It launched an open beta version in December 2023, and plans to officially launch the game within a few months and list tokens on multiple exchanges. Additionally, Chain Colosseum Phoenix plans to generate premium passes on the Ethereum network in the near future. This pass will bring many benefits, including in-game NFT/FT, as well as rewards for other projects.

OAS: A multifunctional utility token in the oasis

asOasysThe base currency of the ecosystem, OAS is the most integral part of the entire ecosystem. In general, OAS is a token with multiple practical functions. The current main functions include staking and serving as gas fee. In the future, it will also open up public governance, etc. For different roles in the ecosystem, there are subtle differences in the specific utility of OAS. Among them, for developers, the practicality of OAS tokens in transaction operations and participation in the ecosystem is particularly important.

In the Oasys architecture, the Verse Builder is responsible for paying gas fees in the form of OAS for continuous transaction activities from Verse-Layer to Hub-Layer, to the use of bridge contracts, or the execution of contracts at the Hub layer. As the ecosystem expands, i.e. Verse-Layers and transaction volume increase, gas fees are expected to gradually rise. However, Oasys’ architectural design aims to ensure that this cost increases within a certain limit, ensuring that Verse Builder will not be hindered in its expansion operations due to increased costs. Furthermore, in order to promote the integrity of the ecosystem and avoid the undesirable development of fraudulent Verse. For developers who intend to build Verse and contribute to the Oasys ecosystem, they must complete a deposit of at least 1 million OAS tokens when establishing the Verse contract to ensure developers’ long-term investment and participation in the ecosystem.

Similar to ETH in the Ethereum ecosystem, OAS tokens also play a vital role in facilitating transaction payments within the ecosystem. Especially in terms of micro-payments in games, the versatile OAS can handle a large number of micro-payment transactions inside and outside the game environment. For example, in the Chain Colosseum Phoenix game mentioned above, OAS can be used to cast and upgrade heroes, upgrade gems, etc.

For long-term OAS holders who support the development of the ecosystem, Oasys provides a staking reward system. by inOasys HubBy staking, users are able to earn rewards while contributing to the stability of the ecosystem, aligning their interests with the overall health and growth of the Oasys ecosystem. The total value of pledged OAS currently exceeds US$200 million, and the APY for ordinary users is about 9%. Verifiers will also receive additional verification rewards, and their APY can reach 10%. In addition, users who stake more than 10 million OAS tokens in the validator contract will become validators and receive corresponding incentives by playing a key role in protecting and maintaining the integrity of the network.

In the future, OAS token holders will also be able to participate in Oasys’ decentralized governance, which will be achieved in the later stages of Oasys’ decentralization and transformation into a DAO. OAS holders will be able to vote on key proposals, including changing the inflation rate through the staking mechanism, deciding financial allocation, choosing to build contracts on Hub-Layer and other important issues.

After two years of development,OasysIt has become one of the first choices for Web3 game developers and players, and through continuous expansion, Oasys is also establishing cooperation with more Web2 and Web3 industry brands to further optimize the ecosystem and expand influence. In the past six months, Oasys has cooperated with LayerZero, AltLayer, and NFT aggregator X2Y2. By using AltLayer’s Rollup-as-a-Service, it has become easier for developers to build Verses, thus simplifying the divisions in the Oasys ecosystem. Blockchain gaming and the launch of the Metaverse.

In addition, it is foreseeable that as the adoption scope of Oasys continues to expand, OAS may become the preferred payment method for well-known Web2 game brands in Web3, bringing wider recognition and integration to the crypto economy. The extensive and powerful lineup of validators also shows its potential to connect Web2 and Web3 games and break the barriers between them.

Disclaimer:

  1. This article is reprinted from [PANews]. All copyrights belong to the original author [Zen]. If there are objections to this reprint, please contact the Gate Learn team, and they will handle it promptly.
  2. Liability Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not constitute any investment advice.
  3. Translations of the article into other languages are done by the Gate Learn team. Unless mentioned, copying, distributing, or plagiarizing the translated articles is prohibited.

Can Oasys Turn 40 Years of Japanese Game Culture into a Blockchain Oasis?

BeginnerMay 31, 2024
As the adoption of Oasys continues to expand, OAS may become the payment method of choice for well-known Web2 gaming brands in Web3, bringing wider recognition and integration to the crypto economy.
Can Oasys Turn 40 Years of Japanese Game Culture into a Blockchain Oasis?

In the early Heisei era, Japan’s game and animation industry entered its peak era of conquering the world, from Mario, Pokemon, King of Fighters, Metal Slug, to later The Legend of Zelda, Resident Evil, etc., in terms of character creation, narrative methods, and aesthetic standards. These aspects have left a deep imprint on the multi-national game industry. After the turn of the millennium, PC and mobile games have become a popular trend, and countries and regions such as Europe, the United States, China and South Korea have emerged one after another. The competitiveness of Japanese manufacturers that insist on focusing on game consoles in the global game industry has begun to decline.

After missing out on the last paradigm shift in gaming, Japan is now actively embracing Web3 to develop emerging fields such as NFT and the Metaverse. In 2022, Japan also established the web3 project team of the Digital Society Promotion Headquarters of the Liberal Democratic Party, placing the blockchain industry with Web3 as the core at the forefront of the national development strategy. Based on Japan’s rich accumulation of more than 40 years in the game industry and its two-dimensional culture of “world domination”, the country’s sudden rise in the field of Web3 games is undoubtedly an important force that cannot be ignored.

Among the Web3 layouts of many traditional game manufacturers in Japan, the game public chain will enter the public eye in early 2022.OasysThe performance is getting better and better. Its founding members include Hajime Nakatani, president and CEO of Bandai Namco Research Institute, Hironobu Ueno, CEO of chain game company double jump.tokyo, Shuji Utsumi, co-chief operating officer of Sega and founding member of PlayStation, all from traditional game giants or well-known Chain travel project. As Oasys continues to expand, it has attracted industry giants such as Wemade, Square Enix, Netmarble, SoftBank, KDDI, Nexon, and MIXI to join its network as validators, as well as Ubisoft, Com2uS, etc. to enter the ecosystem.

Designed specifically for blockchain games: bringing traditional games into the blockchain world

OasysIt is a multi-layer EVM-compatible PoS public blockchain, and the main development team behind it comes from double jump.tokyo, a Japanese chain game development company. As a bridge between traditional Web2 and Web3 games, Oasys provides developers entering the Web3 game field with a comprehensive set of tools and services to help create and deploy games. Its architectural design adopts a highly scalable combination of Layer 1 (called Hub-Layer) and Layer 2 (called Verse-Layer), with high network stability, high scalability, and high data availability.

The first Hub-Layer is the hub layer of Oasys, which aims to provide game developers with all the tools, SDKs, digital assets, interoperability and ecological environment needed to make outstanding Web3 games. It allows game developers to carry out independent development of 2-layer games, entrust staking of core token OAS holders, verifier management nodes, etc. Hub-Layer is resilient enough to run with thousands of connected Verse-Layer without the risk of network failure due to node failure.

The second layer Verse-Layer is taken from the word Metaverse, which means that each second-layer network is an independent small universe, which meets the needs of traditional game companies and IP holders to protect IP in their own ecosystems. The ecosystem allows for personalization. In each Verse layer and game or dApp, the development team can introduce separate tokens to implement specific functions, creating a more flexible and scalable gaming environment. By using rollups, all data in the second layer will be reflected to the first layer, ensuring high data availability. In addition, thanks to the transaction speed of Layer 2, users can experience the same seamless experience as traditional online games on Web2.

Based on the advantages of Hub-Layer’s high stability, the proprietary Verse can ensure security, scalability and flexibility. For the development team, they can provide players with better game products and value on this basis, and the number of users will continue to grow as the game quality and player experience improve. Active players use OAS tokens to complete transactions, which on the one hand contributes revenue and daily activity data to the game. On the other hand, it also provides income and liquidity to the first layer, thus continuously injecting vitality into the entire Oasys ecosystem. The scale of players can further promote the optimization and upgrading of the first layer, provide better infrastructure support for the game, and enable users in the ecosystem to enjoy lower costs and a better interactive experience. This player experience-based design and sustainable model will become an important driver of the growth flywheel as a positive feedback loop takes shape.

In terms of financing, in July 2022, Oasys completed a US$20 million private equity financing led by Republic Capital, with participation from Jump Crypto, Crypto.com, Huobi, Kucoin, Bitbank and Mirana Ventures; at the end of the same year, Oasys completed a new A round of strategic financing, with participating investors including Galaxy Interactive, Korean gaming giant Nexon, Jets Capital, ChainGuardians, etc. In addition, Oasys also allocated a US$1 million quota to the Republic platform for public fundraising, which was completed within 12 hours.

Many Web2 game giants have settled in: jointly building an oasis of multiverse prosperity

As the basic layer of blockchain games,OasysIt aims to provide the necessary resources, scalability and tools to make the creation of Web3 games easier, more efficient and more secure to help traditional game companies enter emerging fields and better serve the market and drive mass adoption. Oasys actively cooperates with game industry veterans from Ubisoft, Sega, and Bandai Namco. Currently, there are nearly 60 games in 10 universe ecosystems. Three representative games will be introduced below.

Champions Tactics: Grimoria Chronicles

In the middle of last year, French gaming giant Ubisoft announced that it would launch the first blockchain-based Champions Tactics: Grimoria Chronicles (hereinafter referred to as “Champions Tactics”). Since its establishment in 1986, Ubisoft has launched many popular AAA masterpieces, including the “Assassin’s Creed” series, “Far Cry” series, “Rayman”, etc. The upcoming Champions Tactics is designed as a tactical RPG game only for PC gamers.

Based on the trust in Ubisoft’s products and the industry’s expectation that Web3 games will achieve large-scale adoption, before Champions Tactics has revealed too many game details, its NFT series The Warlords of Champions Tactics immediately became popular after it was launched at the end of last year. Sell. The series was fully minted upon release, with sales exceeding $2 million within a few hours. According to existing information, in Champions Tactics, players can form a team of legendary champions, integrating elements such as champion abilities, terrain maps, and tactical strategies to compete with other players. Ubisoft has hinted that it will integrate NFTs into gameplay, but details are still being kept under wraps.

Ubisoft has always been an expert at creating immersive narratives in games. Champions Tactics not only allows players to participate in strategic battles, but also provides a rich narrative experience. By exploring the mystery and darkness of the world of Grimoria and discovering legends and mysteries, players are constantly strengthened during their adventures and gain an advantage in battle. The word “Chronicles” in the game’s name also indicates that it allows players to shape the storyline and even influence the history and legends of the game world.

Battle of Three Kingdoms: The Battle of the Three Kingdoms

The “Three Kingdoms” series developed by Japanese gaming giant Sega is a trading card game set in the Three Kingdoms period of China. The first version was launched in 2005 and is a classic under Sega. In September 2022, double Jump.tokyo obtained the authorization for the IP, and the two parties began to jointly develop its chain game version: “Battle of Three Kingdoms: B3K” (officially referred to as “Three Kingdoms: B3K”).

As a trading card game, the NFT cards in this game are naturally one of its highlights. They not only cover the generals, strategists and other characters in the arcade version of “Three Kingdoms”, but also new cards specially created for this game. According to the developer, the entry threshold for “Three Kingdoms: B3K” will be very low. In the game, players can build their own decks and participate in battles, and each game only takes 3 minutes. Different cards will have different levels, combat power, attributes and other ability values, which will test players’ understanding and strategic configuration of different generals.

In the context of hundreds of competing Web3 games, most developers have begun to pay more attention to game quality and delay the official release date. B3K is no exception. It was originally planned to be launched at the end of 2023, but the team believed that the quality of the game needed to be further improved, so the launch was postponed to 2024. The initial launch of the game will be mainly for PC players, and Japanese and English versions will be launched. Chinese and Korean versions are expected to be launched later, the specific date is to be determined.

Chain Colosseum Phoenix

Chain Colosseum Phoenix is a Japanese blockchain game based on MCHVerse, with the feature of “play and earn”. The game uses an “anti-trader barrier” (AT-field) to combat market manipulation, preventing traders and bots from selling tokens not earned in the game, ensuring that rewards only go to real players. In addition, the game integrates with external ecosystems for sustainability, using a buy-in mechanism to buy back from Gas and DeFi revenue. A unique feature of the game is the liquidity pool, which is crucial in rewarding players. Unlike many projects, Chain Colosseum Phoenix invests all NFT sales proceeds into an initial liquidity pool, aiming to create Game-Fi’s largest liquidity pool to date, expected to reach $4.8 million.

Recently, Chain Colosseum Phoenix successfully sold all 10,000 NFTs, achieved $2.4 million in sales, and announced cooperation with large gaming projects and communities. It launched an open beta version in December 2023, and plans to officially launch the game within a few months and list tokens on multiple exchanges. Additionally, Chain Colosseum Phoenix plans to generate premium passes on the Ethereum network in the near future. This pass will bring many benefits, including in-game NFT/FT, as well as rewards for other projects.

OAS: A multifunctional utility token in the oasis

asOasysThe base currency of the ecosystem, OAS is the most integral part of the entire ecosystem. In general, OAS is a token with multiple practical functions. The current main functions include staking and serving as gas fee. In the future, it will also open up public governance, etc. For different roles in the ecosystem, there are subtle differences in the specific utility of OAS. Among them, for developers, the practicality of OAS tokens in transaction operations and participation in the ecosystem is particularly important.

In the Oasys architecture, the Verse Builder is responsible for paying gas fees in the form of OAS for continuous transaction activities from Verse-Layer to Hub-Layer, to the use of bridge contracts, or the execution of contracts at the Hub layer. As the ecosystem expands, i.e. Verse-Layers and transaction volume increase, gas fees are expected to gradually rise. However, Oasys’ architectural design aims to ensure that this cost increases within a certain limit, ensuring that Verse Builder will not be hindered in its expansion operations due to increased costs. Furthermore, in order to promote the integrity of the ecosystem and avoid the undesirable development of fraudulent Verse. For developers who intend to build Verse and contribute to the Oasys ecosystem, they must complete a deposit of at least 1 million OAS tokens when establishing the Verse contract to ensure developers’ long-term investment and participation in the ecosystem.

Similar to ETH in the Ethereum ecosystem, OAS tokens also play a vital role in facilitating transaction payments within the ecosystem. Especially in terms of micro-payments in games, the versatile OAS can handle a large number of micro-payment transactions inside and outside the game environment. For example, in the Chain Colosseum Phoenix game mentioned above, OAS can be used to cast and upgrade heroes, upgrade gems, etc.

For long-term OAS holders who support the development of the ecosystem, Oasys provides a staking reward system. by inOasys HubBy staking, users are able to earn rewards while contributing to the stability of the ecosystem, aligning their interests with the overall health and growth of the Oasys ecosystem. The total value of pledged OAS currently exceeds US$200 million, and the APY for ordinary users is about 9%. Verifiers will also receive additional verification rewards, and their APY can reach 10%. In addition, users who stake more than 10 million OAS tokens in the validator contract will become validators and receive corresponding incentives by playing a key role in protecting and maintaining the integrity of the network.

In the future, OAS token holders will also be able to participate in Oasys’ decentralized governance, which will be achieved in the later stages of Oasys’ decentralization and transformation into a DAO. OAS holders will be able to vote on key proposals, including changing the inflation rate through the staking mechanism, deciding financial allocation, choosing to build contracts on Hub-Layer and other important issues.

After two years of development,OasysIt has become one of the first choices for Web3 game developers and players, and through continuous expansion, Oasys is also establishing cooperation with more Web2 and Web3 industry brands to further optimize the ecosystem and expand influence. In the past six months, Oasys has cooperated with LayerZero, AltLayer, and NFT aggregator X2Y2. By using AltLayer’s Rollup-as-a-Service, it has become easier for developers to build Verses, thus simplifying the divisions in the Oasys ecosystem. Blockchain gaming and the launch of the Metaverse.

In addition, it is foreseeable that as the adoption scope of Oasys continues to expand, OAS may become the preferred payment method for well-known Web2 game brands in Web3, bringing wider recognition and integration to the crypto economy. The extensive and powerful lineup of validators also shows its potential to connect Web2 and Web3 games and break the barriers between them.

Disclaimer:

  1. This article is reprinted from [PANews]. All copyrights belong to the original author [Zen]. If there are objections to this reprint, please contact the Gate Learn team, and they will handle it promptly.
  2. Liability Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not constitute any investment advice.
  3. Translations of the article into other languages are done by the Gate Learn team. Unless mentioned, copying, distributing, or plagiarizing the translated articles is prohibited.
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